What you need to know about industrial ventilation and dust removal

Industrial ventilation is one of the important sanitary technical measures to control dust, harmful gases or vapors in the workshop and improve the microclimate in the workshop. Its main function is to discharge the contaminated or humid, overheated or overcooled air in the work area, and send it into the outside clean air to improve the air environment of the work place.

Industrial ventilation is divided into natural ventilation and mechanical ventilation according to its power source. Natural ventilation relies on the thermal pressure formed by the temperature difference between indoor and outdoor air and the wind pressure formed by the outdoor wind to make the air flow; mechanical ventilation relies on the pressure difference between the inside and outside of the ventilation system formed by the ventilator to make the air flow in a certain direction.

Industrial dust removal equipment

In terms of the scope of ventilation, industrial ventilation can be divided into local areas of local ventilation operations, the purpose of which is to improve the conditions of workers' operating areas; in places where workers' operating positions are not fixed, and to improve the entire workshop environment.

In terms of ventilation methods, industrial ventilation can be divided into two types: exhaust air and supply air. Exhaust refers to the use of ventilation to exhaust harmful substances or humid and hot air from the workshop, away from the operating workers; while the air supply is to send clean air from outside the workshop into the workshop, directly acting on the operating workers or improving the air environment of the entire workshop.

In order to control dust, harmful gases or vapors in the workshop, local exhaust air is mainly used. In order to improve the micro-climate in the car week, local or air supply or local exhaust can be used. The specific selection depends on factors such as the size and distribution of the heat source, production characteristics and outdoor weather conditions.

1. Natural ventilation

(1) The basic principle of natural ventilation.

1. When the air temperature in the hot press workshop increases, the volume expands and the density decreases. Due to the low temperature and high density of the air outside the workshop, the air gravity difference between the inside and outside of the workshop is caused, that is, hot pressing. The result is that the air outside the workshop flows in from the lower door window, and the hot air in the workshop is discharged from the upper skylight. This phenomenon is natural ventilation. The greater the temperature difference between indoor and outdoor, the greater the heat pressure, the better the natural ventilation effect.

Although the size of hot-pressure natural ventilation depends on the temperature difference between indoor and outdoor, it also depends on the distance between the air inlet and exhaust.

P=h (p outside one p inside)

In the formula: P is the heat pressure (Pa); h is the center distance between the air inlet and outlet (m): outside p, inside p is the density of outdoor and internal air (kg/m3).

2. Wind pressure When the outdoor airflow meets the building, circumfluence will occur. After a certain distance, the airflow resumes parallel flow. Due to the obstruction of the building, the pressure distribution of the outdoor airflow around the building will change, and the airflow on the windward side will be blocked. , The dynamic pressure decreases, the static pressure increases, and the side and leeward surface generate local eddy currents, and the static pressure decreases. Compared with the undisturbed air flow in the distance, this increase or decrease in static pressure is collectively referred to as wind pressure. When the static pressure rises, the wind pressure is positive, which is called positive pressure, and the static pressure drops, and the wind pressure is negative, which is called negative pressure.

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